Lyme Disease


Lyme disease is a tick borne bacteria disease than can have a tremendous impact on those people infected. Typically it is the deer tick that is to blame for the transmission of this disease. Unfortunately, the deer tick is extremely small and therefore difficult to see.

This page is to provide you with resources and information on this dangerous infection. Wildlife Damage Control welcomes comments and suggestions to make this page more informative to our visitors.

Friday November 19 5:49 PM ET

New type of Lyme disease found in southeastern US NEW YORK, Nov 19 (Reuters Health) -- New research suggests that Georgia, South Carolina, and possibly other states in the Southeast may be beset by their own type of Lyme disease. ``There is some type of tick-transmitted illness here that acts like Lyme disease but only fits the laboratory pattern 30% of the time,'' lead researcher Dr. Michael W. Felz said in a statement released by the Medical College of Georgia in Augusta.

``In other words,'' he explained, ``we may need a whole new testing system for this illness in the Southeast.'' Lyme disease is caused by a bite from a deer tick, which transmits bacteria known as Borrelia burgdorferi. The first sign of infection is an enlarging red, circular ``bull's-eye'' rash. In studying 23 adults who consulted a doctor about the telltale rash, Felz and his colleagues discovered that 70% of the patients tested negative for Borrelia burgdorferi infection.

Furthermore, even in the 30% of study participants who did test positive, the DNA of the bacteria was different from what the experts expected to see. The bacteria seem to be genetically variant strains of Borrelia burgdorferi, the researchers report in the November issue of Archives of Dermatology.

As Felz explained in the statement, ``the tick species transmitting this illness seems to be different and may be transmitting an organism that is very different.'' Also, none of the patients in the study progressed to the second stage of Lyme disease, which can include symptoms such as muscle paralysis, joint inflammation, and heart rhythm disorders.

The newly identified strain of Borrelia burgdorferi may be less toxic than the strain that is common in Northeast and the Midwest, the authors conclude. They speculate that the infection it causes might be more responsive to treatment with antibiotics.

SOURCE: Archives of Dermatology 1999;135:1317-1326.





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